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Long COVID

Long COVID affects children and teens

Pediatric COVID-19 and Long COVID

As the SARS-CoV-2 virus began to take hold across the world, children seemed to be spared from severe infection and complications. However, we learned that children could be severely affected by COVID-19 and that COVID could have long-term effects. We also see that children are vulnerable to the long-lasting effects of the virus and the …

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Long COVID and Pacing

What is Pacing for Post-exertional Malaise?

With the COVID-19 pandemic, much of the focus has been on the SARS-CoV-2 virus and subsequent infections, including case rates, hospitalizations, and deaths. However, many patients continue to experience symptoms or develop new symptoms after recovery, including post-exertional malaise (PEM). As a common symptom of Long COVID and ME/CFS, patients with post-exertional malaise must learn …

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Brain fog and cognitive dysfunction with Long COVID

What Is “Brain Fog” and Cognitive Dysfunction in Long COVID?

After recovering from the initial COVID infection, many people are experiencing a symptom that is difficult to explain, yet it may be one of the most life-changing and debilitating symptoms they experience. Cognitive dysfunction, often described as “brain fog,” affects how easy it is to think and make decisions. Unfortunately, these cognitive changes are a …

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Nerve damage and peripheral neuropathy seen with Long COVID

Long COVID: Neuropathies

Acute viral infection can be very challenging for both patients and their clinicians,  but the infection is also contributing to various complications throughout multiple systems and organs in the body. Viral infection can have long-term consequences for both the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). SARS-CoV-2-associated PNS complications affect many people …

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Autoimmunity and Immune Dysregulation with Long COVID

Autoimmunity and Immune Dysregulation in Long COVID

Infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus leads to acute COVID-19 illness. For some, this acute infection leads to severe illness and hospitalization. For others, symptoms are mild, or they may even be asymptomatic. Whether the original infection was severe or even asymptomatic, however, the virus can greatly interfere with the body’s immune system, damaging healthy cells, …

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Microclots may be responsible for symptoms associated with Long COVID

Long COVID: Coagulopathies and Microclots

Months after recovering from initial SARS-CoV-2 infection, many people still fight debilitating symptoms with what we call Long COVID. But what is it that allows some people to recover within a couple of weeks while others suffer from long-term symptoms for months or even years? Scientist Resia Pretorius, head of the science department at Stellenbosh …

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